Is Financial Reward Enough for Motivation in Football? – Sport Mont
Enter your details:
Name:
E-mail:
 
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!


Vladimir Hrcek1, Ivan Bagľas2

1Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Management, Bratislava, Slovakia
2Independent researcher

Is Financial Reward Enough for Motivation in Football?

Sport Mont 2018, 16(2), 107-111 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.180620

Abstract

Motivation obviously plays a great role in the life of each athlete. The purpose of this paper is to bring out the importance of motivation in sport from the perspective of Self-determination theory (SDT). This theoretical review paper demonstrates the application of Self-determination theory (SDT) in amateur sports environment and professional athletes. Self-determination theory (SDT) postulates assumption that there is one motivational continuum rather than individual types of motivation and that each athlete has the same basic psychological needs that need to be satisfied. Our review is based not only on Self-determination theory (SDT) theory, but also on several studies from different countries and environments. The review is focused on recommendations regarding implementation of specific strategies that could help athletes to improve their internal motivation in order to reach better performance and results.

Keywords

motivation, basic psychological needs, self-determination theory, football



View full article
(PDF – 118KB)

References

Abramson, L., Metalsky, F., & Alloy, L. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96(2), 358-372.

Abramson, L., Seligman, M., & Teasdale, J. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74.

Berscheid, E., & Reis, H. (1998). Attraction and close relationships. The handbook of social psychology, 4th edition, 193-281.

Blais, M., Sabourin S., Boucher, C., & Vallerand, R. (1990). Toward a motivational model of couple happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1021–1031.

Deci, E. (1971). Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18(1), 105-115.

Deci, E. & Ryan, R. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum Press.

Deci, E., & Ryan, R. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation (pp. 237–288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.ž

Deci, E., & Ryan, R. (2000). The ‘what’ and ‘why’ of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.

Deci, E., & Ryan, R. (2008). Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life’s domains. Canadian Psychology, 49, 14-23.

Gagné, M., & Deci, E. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331-362.

Lazarević, Lj. (2003). Psihološkapripremasportista. Viša škola z asportske trenere, Beograd

Mladenović, M. (2010). Samomotivacija. Beograd: Zadužbina Andrejević.

Niemiec, C., Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2009). The path taken: Consequences of attaining intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations in post college life. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 291-306.

Ryan, R. (1995). Psychological needs and the facilitation of integrative processes. Journal of Personality, 63,397–427.

Ryan, R. (2009). Self-determination theory and wellbeing. Wellbeing in Developing Countries (WeD) Research Review 1 – June.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 68-78.

Ryan, R., Rigby, S., & King, K. (1993). Two types of religious internalization and their relations to religious orientations and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 586–596.

Sheldon, K., & Kasser, T. (1995). Coherence and congruence: Two aspects of personality integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68,531–543.

Vansteenkiste, M., & Deci, E. (2003). Competitively Contigent Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: Can Losers Remain Motivated? Motivation and Emotion, 27(4), 273-299.