Enter your details:
Name:
E-mail:
 
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!


Aleksander Yurevich Osipov1,2,3, Viktor Nikolayevich Kovalev1, Sergey Leonidovich Sadyrin1, Roman Sergeevich Nagovitsyn4, Lyubov Vladimirovna Rubtsova5, Olga Yurievna Druzhinina5, Tatyana Vladimirovna Zhavner1, Anna Vladimirovna Vapaeva1

1Siberian Federal University, Department of Physical Culture, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky, Department of Physical Culture, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3Siberian Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Department of Physical Training, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
4Glazov State Pedagogical Institute named after V.G. Korolenko, Department of Physical Culture and Safety Life, Glazov, Russia
5Izhevsk State Agricultural Academy, Department of Physical Culture, Izhevsk, Russia

Objective and Subjective Assessments of the Psychological Gender of Female Athletes Practicing Martial Arts

Sport Mont 2020, 18(1), Ahead of Print | DOI: 10.26773/smj.200203

Abstract

Experts indicate the existence of a certain distorted assessment of gender in respect to female athletes practising martial arts. There is a lack of objective data regarding the determination of the predominant traits of the psychological gender of such female athletes. The purpose of the research is to compare objective and subjective data of the psychological gender of female athletes aged 18-26 practising boxing and kickboxing. The sample consisted of 58 female athletes practising boxing and kickboxing at elite and close-to-elite levels for at least five years. Psychological gender was determined using the Sandra L. Bem technique. Independent assessments of the psychological gender of female athletes and their personal trainers were also taken into account. Data analysis was performed using the Mann–Whitney U–test. The data show a significant (p<0.05) predominance of individuals with traits of the androgynous psychological gender of the total number of female athletes. A significant (p<0.01) difference was revealed between the data of an objective assessment and self-assessment of their psychological gender by female athletes. Some athletes with a masculine psychological gender endow themselves with excessive traits of androgyny. It was found that many trainers unreasonably endow their female athletes with excessive features of the masculine psychological gender.

Keywords

female boxing, psychological gender, androgyny, masculinity



View full article
(PDF – 211KB)

References

Alvariñas-Villaverde, M., López-Villar, C., Fernández-Villarino, M., & Alvarez-Esteban, R. (2017). Masculine, feminine and neutral sports: Extracurricular sport modalities in practice. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 12(4), 1278-1288. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.124.14

Burdzicka-Wolowik, J., & Goral-Radziszewska, K. (2014). Selected personality traits of women training combat sports. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism, 21(1), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.2478/pjst-2014-0001

Cardoso, F., Ferrari, E., Pereira, R., Lima, L., Medeiros, T.E., Vieira, M.P., & de Melo, G.F. (2016). Idiocentric and allocentric profile, gender schemas of self-concept, and subjective social status of judo athletes. Archives of Budo, 12, 293-300.

Channon, A., & Jennings, G. (2014). Exploring embodiment through martial arts and combat sports: A review of empirical research. Sport in Society, 17(6), 773-789. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2014.882906

Hagiwara, G., Kuroda, J., Oshita, K., Shimozono, H., & Matsuzaki, T. (2018). Relationships between athletic identity and the two dimensions of sport commitment of Japanese student athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(3), 1514-1517. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.03223

Kavoura, A., Kokkonen, M., Chroni, C., & Ryba, T. (2018). “Some women are born fighters”: Discursive constructions of a fighter’s identity by female Finnish judo athletes. Sex Roles, 79(3-4), 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0869-1

Kavoura, A., Ryba, T., & Kokkonen, M. (2012). Psychological research on martial arts: A critical view from a cultural praxis framework. Scandinavian Sports Studies Forum, 3, 1-23.

Kovalev, V., Osipov, A., Sadyrin, S., & Nagovitsyn, R. (2019). Analysis of motivational aspects of female martial artists in view of their psychological gender. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 10, 101.

Kuzmin, M., Larionova, M., & Murasheva, M. (2018). Differential sport psychology. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 4, 5-7.

McGannon, K., Schinke, R., Ge, Y., & Blodgett, A. (2019). Negotiating gender and sexuality: A qualitative study of elite women boxer intersecting identities and sport psychology implications. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 31(2), 168-186. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2017.1421593

Nagovitsyn, R., Miroshnichenko, A., Merzlyakova, D., & Faizullina, G. (2018). Interrelation of mental “burn out” level and psychological health in athletes with different qualification. Physical education of students, 22(6), 327-331. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2018.0608

Osipov, A., Kudryavtsev, M., Iermakov, S., & Jagiello, W. (2019). The overall knowledge characterising the training process of young sambo athletes. Archives of Budo, 15, 1-10.

Osipov, A., Kudryavtsev, M., Fedorova, P., Serzanova, Z., Struchkov, Glinchikova, L., Nikitin, N., & Kuzmin, V. (2017). Comparative analysis of the scientific views of Russian and foreign scientists on the problem of training skilled judo wrestlers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(1), 288-293. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.01043

Pacesova, P., Smela, P., & Antala, B. (2019). Male’s level of personal well-being and anxiety trait regarding a sport activity level. Sport Mont, 17(2), 59-62. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.190610

Read, S. (2017). Exploring role conflict and perceived expectations of female student-athletes in high performing sports. Master’s Theses, 1076. https://opencommons.uconn.edu/gs_theses/1076

Schinke, R., Ge, Y., Petersen, B., Blodgett, A., Dupuis-Latour, J., & Coholic, D. (2019). Building a national team context based upon the identity challenges and intervention strategies of elite female boxers in their home training environments. Journal of Sport psychology in Action, 10(2), 94-105. https://doi.org/10.1080/21520704.2018.1543221