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Boris Banjevic1

1Army of Montenegro, Military Air Force of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro

Morphological Characteristics and Functional Capabilities of Ground Forces Soldiers and Soldiers of the Navy of Montenegro

Sport Mont 2020, 18(2), 41-47 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.200608


The objective of this research is to determine the status and eventual differences in morphological and functional characteristics with soldiers of Ground Forces and Navy soldiers of the Army of Montenegro. The sample of examinees was made of 50 soldiers, 18–45 years old, divided into two groups: 25 professional military personnel of Ground Forces and 25 professional military personnel of the Navy. The sample of measures has been made of the following morphological and functional indicators: body height, body mass, waist size, hip size, thorax size, upper leg size, forearm size, abdomen skinfold, chest skinfold, skinfold of the upper leg, body mass index, body fat percentage, waist-to-hip ratio, Forced Vital Capacity, Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second, the ratio of Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second and Forced Vital Capacity and Peak Expiratory Flow. Central and dispersion variables of parameters have been calculated; to determine differences in morphological and functional characteristics, the T-test for small independent samples has been applied. For military personnel of the Ground Forces, it was stated that this is a healthy population without obesity risk and without obstruction in the functioning of the respiratory organs. For military personnel of the Navy, notwithstanding the good respiratory function, the existence of the possibility of adverse effects of hypokinesis was determined on specific segments of their health status. Statistically significant differences between the subsamples of examinees have been determined in the morphological variables abdomen skinfold and body fat percentage; therefore, a conclusion has been made that there is a mutual dependency of the stated differences towards different possibilities of manifesting movement forms with the examined subsamples of examinees.


morphological and functional characteristics, differences, Ground Forces, Navy

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