1University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Various Aspects of the Scientific Development of Beach Handball over Three Decades - from “Keep It Simple” to the Olympic Games
The study aims to present the analyses of the scientific and historical development of beach handball over three-decades. The purpose is to identify future development trends through a broad analysis. The primary methods used were description, comparison and constructive analysis. The available scientific publications were analysed, and the quantitative and qualitative analyses using the deductive method is present. To 2019, the literature on beach handball in Europe consisted of three doctoral theses (all written in Spain), 81 quantitative analyses, a wide range of promotional material to an extensive amount of video (teaching and promotional) material. The changes in philosophy were also analysed. In the first articles, the philosophy revolved around “fair play”, “keep it simple”, and “sport for the future”, with a focus on “simple structure”, “very few restrictions”, “little administration”, “easy rules”, “a lot of sun and fun”, and “beach lifestyle”, while the more recent studies adopted a systematic approach, in many cases using high-tech measurement technology and the most modern approaches (performance analysis, time-motion analysis, Global Positioning System (GPS), load intensity, elite, technology, rotator cuff, peak torque, etc.) Based on this overview and according to ongoing rapid and dynamic developments, it is safe to predict further intensive development, as well as the possibility of it becoming an Olympic sport.
beach handball, analyses, development, philosophy, scientific approach
Achenbach, L., Loose, O., Laver, L., Zeman, F., Nerlich, M., Angele, P., & Krutsch, W. (2018). Beach handball is safer than indoor team handball: injury rates during the 2017 European Beach Handball Championships. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 26, 1909-1915. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-4907-5;
Bago Rascón, D.P. (2015): Efectos Del Entrenamiento Pliométrico En Arena Seca Sobre Las Variables Determinantes Del Rendimiento En Jugadores De Balonmano Playa. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Universidad Pablo de Olavide.
Bělka, J., Hůlka, K., Šafář, M., Weisser, R., & Chadimova, J. (2015). Beach Handball and Beach Volleyball as Means Leading to Increasing Physical Activity of Recreational Sportspeople—Pilot Study. J Sports Sci, 3 (4), 165-170.
Bebetsos, G. (2012). Beach Handball from A to Z. International Handball Federation: Projects Beach handball event management.
Bon, M., Kuburovic, S., Šibila, M. (2018). The development of beach handball. Šport, 66 (1/2), 73-77.
Cobos, L.D. (2011). La respuesta cardiaca durante la competición de balonmano playa femenino. Apunts. Medicina De L’Esport, 46 (171), 131-136.
De Castro, M., Gutierrez, M., Lagares, F., Linares, B., & de Troya, M. (2019). Photoprotection practices, knowledge and sun-related skin damage in Spanish beach handball players. PeerJ. 18 (7), 7030. https://doi.org/10.7717/7030.
Gehrer, M. & Trespidi, M. (2007). The trend analysis give an overview on the analysis of structural elements, philosophical aspects and tactical aspects based on the participating teams from the view of EHF experts. Vienna/Austria - Publisher: EHF Web Periodical, 38 Pages, 11-13.
Gkagkanas, K., Hatzimanouil, D., Skandalis, V., Dimitriou, S., & Papadopoulou, S.D. (2018). Defense tactics in high-level teams in Beach handball. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 18 (2), 914 - 920,
Gruić, I., Vuleta, D., Bazzeo, M., & Ohnjec, K. (2011) Situational efficiency of teams in female part of tournament in the world beach handball championship in Cadiz. Proceedings 6th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology (524-528). Faculty of Kinesiology, Split.
Hatzimanouil, D., Papasoulis, E., Terzidis, I., Kanioglou, A., Mavropoulou, A., & Natsis, K. (2017). Injuries in elite athletes of beach handball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 12 (3), 689-697. doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.123.13
International Handball Federation (2014), Beach Handball rules of the game. Basel: IHF publishing. Retrived 15/11 2018 https://archive.ihf.info/en-us/marketing/beachhandball.aspx
Manavis, K., Hatzimanouil, D., Stefas, E. & Bebetsos, G. (2008). Injuries in Beach Handball. European Handball Federation publications. Retrieved July 12, 2019 from http://home.eurohandball.com/ehf_files/publikation/.pdf
Morillo-Baro, J.P., Reigal, R.E., & Hernández-Mendo, A. (2015). Analysis of positional attack in beach handball male and female with polar coordinates [Análisis del ataque posicional de balonmano playa masculino y femenino mediante coordenadas polares]. RICYDE, 11 (41), 226-244.
Morillo Baro, J.P., Reigal Garrido, R.E., & Hernández-Mendo, A. (2016). Relaciones entre el perfil psicológico deportivo y la ansiedad competitiva en jugadores de balonmano playa. RIPED, 25 (1).
Morillo Baro, J.P. (2015). Análisis Observacional Del Ataque Posicional En Balonmano Playa. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Univesidad de Malaga.
Navarro, A., Morillo, J.P., Reigal, R.E., & Hernández-Mendo, A. (2018, January). Polar coordinate analysis in the study of positional attacks in beach handball. Int J Perform Anal Sport, 18 (1), 151-167.
Póvoas, S.C.A., Seabra, A.F.T., Ascensão, A.M.R., Magalhães, J., Soares, J.M.C., & Rebelo, A.N.C. (2012). Physical and physiological demands of elite team handball. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26 (12), 3366–3376
Pueo, B., Jimenez-Olmedo, J.M., Penichet-Tomas, A., Ortega, M., & Espina, J.J. (2017). Analysis of time-motion and heart rate in elite male and female beach handball. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 16 (4), 450–458. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5721173/
Van Linder, T., Gehrer, A., & Trespidi, M. (2004, September). Beach handball is leaving childhood. EHF Periodical, 55-67.
Vázquez-Diz, J.A., Morillo-Baro, J.P., Reigal, R.E., Morales-Sánchez, V., & Hernández-Mendo, A. (2019). Contextual Factors and Decision-Making in the Behavior of Finalization in the Positional Attack in Beach Handball: Differences by Gender through Polar Coordinates Analysis. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1386. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01386
Zapardiel, J.C. (2017a). Beach Handball European Championships Analysis. European handball Federation. Retrieved Retrieved April 29, 2019. http://home.eurohandball.com/ehf_files/Publikation/Beach%20handball%20european%20championships%20analysis%20Zagreb%202017.pdf
Zapardiel, J.C. (2017b). Relationships between Autonomy Support and Perception Motivational Climate with the Sport Psychological Profile in Beach Handball. European handball Federation Retrieved July 12, 2019, from https://bheuro2017.com/?p=2653
Zapardiel, J.C., & Paramio Serrano (2016). Beach Handball Sessions for High School Students. Retrieved July 15, 2019 from http://home.eurohandball.com/ehf_files/Publikation/WP_Zapardiel%20J.C..pdf
Zapardiel, J.C. (2018). European YAC (M18, W18) Beach Handball Championships - Qualitative Analysis. Vienna/Austria, EHFhttp://home.eurohandball.com/ehf_files/Publikation/2018
Zapardiel, J.C., & Asín-Izquierdo (2020): Condition al analysis of elite beach handball accord-ing to speciﬁc playing position through assessment with GPS. International Journal of Perfor-mance Analysis in Sport, 118-132. doi https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2020.1718458