Enter your details:
Name:
E-mail:
 
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!


Salinee Chaiyakul1, Supattra Chaibal1

1Walailak University, Physical Therapy Department, School of Allied Health Sciences, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand

Effects of Delayed Cold Water Immersion after High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise on Subsequent Exercise Performance in Basketball Players

Sport Mont 2021, 19(3), Ahead of Print | DOI: 10.26773/smj.211003

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to compare the effects of passive recovery and delayed cold water immersion one and three hours after high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) on exercise performance and muscle soreness on the subse- quent day. Eleven male basketball players participated in the study. They followed the recovery methods after high-in- tensity intermittent exercise, including 15 minutes cold water (15 o C) immersion one hour (CWI1) and three hours (CWI3) after HIIE and passive recovery (CON) in a randomized order on a weekly basis. The protocol for HIIE included progres- sive speed 20-metre shuttle sprint interrupted with repetitive jumping in order to induce fatigue. Twenty-four hours after HIIE, a 20-metre shuttle sprint and maximal vertical jump test were conducted to evaluate the effect of each recovery method. Maximal vertical jump height after one and three hours did not differ significantly compared to pre- test values. However, the maximal vertical jump height in the control group was significantly lower than their pre-test value. Also, 24 hours after HIIE, perceived muscle soreness in CWI1 and CWI3 groups was significantly lower than that of the control group. The total distance of the shuttle run did not differ depending on the recovery method used. Cold water immersions one and three hours after HIIE affected maximal vertical jump height and athletes’ perception of pain. However, there were no significant differences in exercise performance between the cold water immersion at one and three hours after HIIE, which might be due to similar physiological responses during both immersion trials.

Keywords

cold water immersion, exercise recovery, high-intensity intermittent exercise, shuttle run test



View full article
(PDF – 144KB)

References

Barnett, A. (2006). Using recovery modalities between training sessions in elite athletes: does it help? Sports Medicine, 36(9), 781-796. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636090-00005.

Vaile, J., Halson, S., Gill, N., & Dawson, B. (2008). Effect of hydrotherapy on the signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(4), 447-455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0605-6.

Brown, F., Gissane, C., Howatson, G., Someren, K. V., Pedlar, C., & Hill, J. (2017). Compression garments and recovery from exercise. Sports medicine, 47(11), 2245-2267. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0728-9.

Jackman, J. R., Macrae, R., & Eston, R. (2009). A single 10 –min bout of cold-water immersion therapy after strenuous plyometric exercise has no beneficial effect on recovery from the symptom of exercise-induced muscle damage. Ergonomics, 52(4), 456-460. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130802707733.

Calleja-González, J., Terrados, N., Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Delextrat, A., Jukic. I., Vaquera, A.,...Ostojic, S. M. (2016). Evidence based post-exercise recovery strategies in basketball. The Physician and Sports medicine, 44(1), 74–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2016.1102033.

Versey, N., Halson, S., & Dawson, B. (2013). Water immersion recovery for athletes: effect on exercise performance and practical recommendations. Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 1101–1130. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0063-8.

Higgins, T. R., Greene, D. A., & Baker, M. K. (2017). Effects of cold water immersion and contrast water therapy for recovery from team sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(5), 1443-1460. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001559.

Leeder, J., Gissane, C., Someren, K. V., Gregson, W., & Howatson, G. (2012). Cold water immersion and recovery from strenuous exercise: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46, 233–240. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090061.

Wang, H., & Siemens, J. (2015). TRP ion channels in thermosensation thermoregulation and metabolism. Temperature, 2, 178–187. https://doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2015.1040604.

Peiffer, J. J., Abbiss, C. R., Nosaka, K., Peake, J. M., & Laursen, P. B. (2009). Effect of cold water immersion after exercise in the heat on muscle function, body temperatures and vessel diameter. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(1), 91-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.10.011.

Yanagisawa, O., Homma, T., Okuwaki, T., Shimao, D., & Takahashi, H. (2007). Effects of cooling on human skin and skeletal muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 100(6), 737-45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0470-3.

Wilcock, I., Cronin, J., & Hing, W. A. (2006). Physiological response to water immersion. A method for sport recovery? Sports Medicine, 36(9), 747-765. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636090-00003.

Vaile, J. M., Gill, N. D., & Blazevich, A. J. (2007). The effect of contrast water therapy on symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(3), 697–702. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19355.1.

Sánchez-Ureña, B., Martínez-Guardado, I., Crespo, C., Timon, R., Calleja-González, J., Ibañez S. J., & Olcina, G. (2017). The use of continuous vs. intermittent cold water immersion as a recovery method in basketball players after training: a randomized controlled trial. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 45(2), 134-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2017.1292832.

Almeida, A. C., Machado, A. F., Albuquerque, M. C., Netto, L. M., Vanderlei, F. M., Vanderlei, L. C. M.,…Pastre, C. M. (2016). The effects of cold water immersion with different dosages (duration and temperature variations) on heart rate variability post-exercise recovery: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(8), 676-681. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.10.003.

Brophy-Williams, N., Landers, G., & Wallman, K. (2011). Effect of immediate and delayed cold water immersion after a high intensity exercise session on subsequent run performance. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(4), 665-670. PMCID: PMC3761518.

Rowsell, G. J., Coutts, A. J., Reaburn, P., & Hill-Haas, S. (2009). Effects of cold-water immersion on physical performance between successive matches in high-performance junior male soccer players. Journal of Sports Science, 27(6), 565-573. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802603855.

Léger, L. A., Mercier, D., Gadoury, C., & Lambert, J. (1988). The multistage 20 meter shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 6, 93-101.

Ascensão, A., Leite, M., Rebelo, A. N., Magalhäes, S., & Magalhäes, J. (2011). Effects of cold water immersion on the recovery of physical performance and muscle damage following a one-off soccer match. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(3), 217-225. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.526132.

Taher, A., Fsharnezhad, L., Faghihi, S., Hazrati, A., & Bahrami, K. (2017). The effects of cold water immersion on anerobic power, dynamic balance and muscle activation after a karate kumite fighting in female Karateka. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 6(3), 72-79. https://doi.org/10.22631/ijaep.v6i3.198.

Goodall, S., & Howatson, G. (2008). The effects of multiple cold water immersions on indices of muscle 27 damage. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(2), 235-241.

Lum, D., Landers, G., & Peeling, P. (2010). Effects of a recovery swim on subsequent running performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(1), 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1239498.

Williams, N. B., Landers, G., & Wallmen, K. (2011). Effect of immediate and delayed cold water immersion after a high intensity exercise session on subsequence run performance. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(4):665-670.

Wilcock, I. (2005). The effect of water immersion, active recovery and passive recovery on repeated bouts of explosive exercise and blood plasma fraction. Auckland University of Technology: 1-120.

Roberts, L. A., Muthalib, M., Stanley, J., Lichtwark, G., Nosaka, K., Coomber, J. S., & Peake, J. M. (2015). Effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on hemodynamics and recovery of muscle strength following resistance exercise. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 309(4), R389- R398. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00151.2015.

Yanagisawa, O., Niitsu, M., Takahashi, H., Goto, K., & Itai, Y. (2003). Evaluations of cooling exercised muscle with MR imaging and 31P MR spectroscopy. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 35(9), 1517-1523. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000084418.96898.2E.

Gabrielsen, A., Pump, B., Bie, P., Christensen, N. J., Warberg, J., & Norsk, P. (2002). A trial distension, haemodilution, and acute control of renin release during water immersion in humans. Acta Physiology Scandinavia, 174(2), 91-99. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-201X.2002.00932.x.