1Chung-Ang University, College of Sport Sciences, Anseong, Korea
2Korea Maritime & Ocean University, Department of Ocean Physical Education, Busan, Korea
The Relationship between Transformational Leadership of Immediate Superiors, Organizational Culture, and Affective Commitment in Fitness Club Employees
In an uncertain global business environment, effective human resource management is a crucial element in improving organizational effectiveness. However, relatively little research has examined the characteristics of transformational leadership and the types of organizational culture suitable for improving organizational effectiveness in the sport management field. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between transformational leadership of immediate superiors, organizational culture, and affective commitment in fitness club employees. For this purpose, a survey was given to a convenience sample of 300 employees of fitness clubs working in the Gwangju and Dae-gu metropolitan cities in South Korea. The data were then analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlations, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, transformational leadership had a significant effect on the organizational culture in fitness clubs. Second, transformational leadership had a significant effect on affective commitment of employees of the fitness clubs. Third, organizational culture had a significant effect on affective commitment of employees in fitness clubs. The findings of this study may be helpful for fitness clubs to determine the characteristics of transformational leadership and the types of organizational culture needed to improve affective commitment of employees.
affective commitment, fitness clubs in South Korea, organizational culture, transformational leadership
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