Relationship between Foot Length Measurements and Standing Height: a Prospective Regional Study among Adolescents in Southern Region of Kosovo – Sport Mont
Enter your details:
Name:
E-mail:
 
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!


Bojan Masanovic1, Jovan Gardasevic1, Fitim Arifi2

1University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sports and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro
2AAB College, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Prishtina, Kosovo

Relationship between Foot Length Measurements and Standing Height: a Prospective Regional Study among Adolescents in Southern Region of Kosovo

Sport Mont 2018, 16(2), 27-31 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.180605

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to examine standing height in both Kosovan genders in the Southern Region as well as its association with foot length, as an alternative to estimating standing height. A total of 225 individuals (120 male and 105 female) participated in this research. The anthropometric measurements were taken according to the protocol of ISAK. The relationships between standing height and foot length were determined using simple correlation coefficients at a ninety-five percent confidence interval. A comparison of means of standing height and foot length between genders was performed using a t-test. After that a linear regression analysis were carried out to examine extent to which foot length can reliably predict standing height. Results displayed that Southern Kosovan male are 178.61±5.73 cm tall and have a foot length of 26.31±1.17 cm, while Southern Kosovan female are 165.33±4.46 cm tall and have a foot length of 23.42±0.91 cm. The results have shown that both genders made Southern-Kosovans a tall group, but shorter than general Kosovan population. Moreover, the foot length reliably predicts standing height in both genders; but, not reliably enough as arm span. This study also confirms the necessity for developing separate height models for each region in Kosovo as the results from Southern-Kosovans don’t correspond to the general values.

Keywords

prediction, measurement, stature, foot length, Kosovan



View full article
(PDF – 546KB)

References

Arifi, F. (2017). Stature and its estimation utilizing arm span measurements of both gender adolescents from southern region in Kosovo. Sport Science, 10(1), 92-95.

Arifi, F., Bjelica, D., Sermaxhaj, S., Gardasevic, J., Kezunovic, M., & Popovic, S. (2017a). Stature and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Kosovan Adults: National Survey. International Journal of Morphology, 35(3), 1161-1167.

Arifi, F., Sermaxhaj, S., Zejnullahu-Raçi, P., Alaj, I., & Metaj, Z. (2017b). Stature and its estimation utilizing arm span measurements of both gender adolescents from northern region in Kosovo. Acta Kinesiologica, 11(1), 49-52.

Bjelica, D., Popovic, S., Kezunovic, M., Petkovic, J., Jurak, G. & Grasgruber, P. (2012). Body Height and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Montenegrin Adults. Anthropological Notebooks, 18(2), 69–83.

Brown, J.K., Feng, J.Y. & Knapp, T.R. (2002). Is self-reported height or arm span a more accurate alternative measure of height? Clinical Nursing Research, 11(4), 417-432.

Cheng, J.C., Leung, S.S., Chiu, B.S., Tse, P.W., Lee, C.W., Chan, A.K., Xia, G., Leung, A.K., & Xu, Y.Y. (1998). Can we predict body height from segmental bone length measurements? A study of 3,647 children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 18, 387-393.

Datta Banik, S. (2011). Arm span as a proxy measure for height and estimation of nutritional status: A study among Dhimals of Darjeeling in West Bengal India. Annals of Human Biology, 38(6), 728–735.

Gardasevic, J., Rasidagic, F., Krivokapic, D., Corluka, M., & Bjelica, D. (2017). Stature and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Male Adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(1), 37-44.

Golshan, M., Amra, B., & Hoghogi, M.A. (2003). Is arm span an accurate measure of height to predict pulmonary function parameters? Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 59(3), 189-192.

Golshan, M., Crapo, R.O., Amra, B., Jensen, R.I., & Golshan, R. (2007). Arm span as an independent predictor of pulmonary function parameters: validation and reference values. Respirology, 12(3), 361-366.

Grasgruber, P., Popovic, S., Bokuvka, D., Davidovic, I., Hřebíckova, S., Ingrova, P., Potpara, P., Prce, S., & Stracarova, N. (2017). The mountains of giants: an anthropometric survey of male youths in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Royal Society Open Science, 4, 161054.

Hickson, M., & Frost, G.A (2003). Comparison of three methods for estimating height in the acutely ill elderly population. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietitian, 16(1), 13-20.

Jalzem, P.F., & Gledhill, R.B. (1993). Predicting height from arm span measurements. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 13(6), 761-765.

Kanchan, T., Menezes, R.G., Moudgil, R., Kaur, R., Kotian, M.S. & Garg, R.K. (2008). Stature estimation from foot dimensions. Forensic Science International, 179(2/3), 241e1-245e1.

Komunat e Kosovës (2013). Pristina: Gjiganti. Retrieved on March 25, 2017, from http://www.gjiganti.com/kosova/komunat/.

Marfell-Jones, M., Olds, T., Stew, A.D. & Carter, J.E.L. (2006). International standards for anthropometric assessment. Potchesfstroom: International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry.

Masanovic, B. (2017). Relationship between arm span measurements and body height in Dinaric Alpes population: A systematic review. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 1(1), 33-37.

Masanovic, B., Gardasevic, J., & Arifi, F. (2018a). Relationship between foot length measurements and body height: A prospective regional study among adolescents in eastern region of Kosovo. Sport Mont, 16(1), 9-13. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.180202

Masanovic, B., Gardasevic, J., & Arifi, F. (2018b). Relationship between Foot Length Measurements and Body Height: A Prospective Regional Study among Adolescents in Northern Region of Kosovo. Anthropologie–International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution, in pres, https://doi.org/10.26720/anthro.18.01.23.1

Masanovic, B., Gardasevic, J., & Arifi, F. (2018c). Relationship between Foot Length Measurements and Body Height: A Prospective Regional Study among Adolescents in Central Region of Kosovo. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, in press

Milasinovic, R., Popovic, S., Matic, R., Gardasevic, J. & Bjelica, D. (2016a). Body Height and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Male Adolescents from Southern Region in Montenegro. Sport Mont, 14(2), 21–23.

Milasinovic, R., Popovic, S., Jaksic, D., Vasilejvic, I. & Bjelica, D. (2016b). Stature and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Feale Adolescents from Southern Region in Montenegro. Sport Mont, 14(3), 15–18.

Mohanty, S.P., Babu, S.S., & Nair, N.S. (2001). The use of arm span as a predictor of height. A study of South Indian women. Journal of Orthopedics Surgery, 9(1), 19-23.

Popovic, S. (2017). Local Geographical Differences in Adult Body Height in Montenegro. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6(1), 81-87.

Popovic, S., Arifi, F., & Bjelica, D. (2017a). Standing Height and its Estimation Utilizing Foot Length Measurements in Kosovan Adults: National Survey. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 6(2), 1-7.

Popovic, S. Gardasevic, J., Masanovic, B., Arifi, F., & Bjelica, D. (2017b). Standing Height and its Estimation Utilizing Foot Length Measurements in Adolescents from Western Region in Kosovo. Sport Mont, 15(3).

Popovic, S. (2016). Body Height and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Montenegrin Adults: National Survey. In Book of Summaries of 11th FIEP European Congress “Anthropological Aspects of Sport, Physical Education and Recreation” (5-6), Banjaluka: University of Banjaluka, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport.

Popovic, S., & Bjelica, D. (2016). Body Height and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Kosovan Adolescence: National Survey. In Abstract Book of International Eurasian Conference on Sport, Education, and Society (9), Antalya: International Science Culture and Sport Association.

Popovic, S., Bjelica, D., Georgiev, G., Krivokapic, D., & Milasinovic, R. (2016). Body Height and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Macedonian Adults. Anthropologist, 24(3), 737-745.

Popovic, S., Bjelica, D., Tanase, G.D. & Milasinovic, R. (2015). Body Height and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Bosnian and Herzegovinian Adolescents. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4(1), 29-36.

Popovic, S., Bjelica, D., Molnar, S., Jaksic, D., & Akpinar, S. (2013). Body Height and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Serbian Adults. International Journal of Morphology, 31(1), 271-279.

Quanjer, P.H., Capderou, A., Mazocioglu, M.M., Aggarwal, A., Popovic, S., Datta Banik, S., Tayie, F.A.K., Golshan, M., Ip, M.S.M., & Zelter, M. (2014). All-age relationship between arm span and height in different ethnic groups. European Respiratory Journal, 44(4), 905-912.

Reeves, S.L., Varakamin, C. & Henry, C.J. (1996). The relationship between arm-span measurements and height with special reference to gender and ethnicity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50(6), 398-400.

Singh, A., Kumar, A., Chavali, K.H., & Harish, D. (2012). Use of arm-span and foot length for estimation of height of the person. Journal of Punjab academy of forensic medicine and toxicology, 12(2), 87-91.

Szollosi, E. (1998). Secular trend in Debrecen university students (in Hungerian). Anthropologia i Kozlemények, 39, 43-51.

Steele, M.F., & Chenier, T.C. (1990). Arm-span, height and age in black and white women. Annals of Human Biology, 17(6), 533-541.

Uhrova, P., Benus, R., Masnicova, S., Obertova, Z., Kramarova, D., Kyselicova, K., Dornhoferova, M., Bodorikova, S., & Nescakova, E. (2015). Estimation of standing height using hand and foot dimensions in Slovak adults. Legal medicine, 17(2), 92-97.

Ter Goon, D., Toriola, A.T., Musa, D.I., & Akusu, S. (2011). The relationship between arm span and stature in Nigerian adults. Kinesiology, 43(1), 38-43.

Wronka, I., & Pawlinska-Chmara, R. (2009). Childhood environment and adult height among Polish university students. Collegium Antropologicum, 33(4), 1039-1045.