Enter your details:
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!

Marijo Moznik1, Marijo Bakovic1, Hrvoje Ajman2

1University of Zagreb, Faculty of Kinesiology, Zagreb, Croatia
2University in Osijek Josip Juraj Strossmayer, Faculty of Education in Osijek, Osijek, Croatia

Changes in Physiological Indicators during the first Bungee Jump

Sport Mont 2019, 17(2), 35-39 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.190606


During a bungee jump, numerous physiological responses occur in the body of a jumper, such as mild dizziness, increased sweating, and rapid breathing. The aim of this study was to determine the changes in the physiological parameters of subjects before, immediately before and after the first bungee jump, by monitoring the heart rate, blood pressure and perception of fear. Subject sample was formed by 17 students of the Faculty of Kinesiology from Zagreb, who did not have experience with bungee jumps until the beginning of the research. The sample of variables was made of the values of heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and perception of fear. The results indicated that prior to the jump, the heart rate and blood pressure values were within the limits of normal values and the perception of fear was very small. Immediately before the jump, the heart rate and blood pressure increased and the perception of fear increased significantly. After the jump, there was a normalization of the heart rate, blood pressure, and reduced perception of fear. The results of this study suggest that there are many physiological reactions in the human body happening during high-adrenaline activities.


blood pressure, extreme sports, heart rate, perception of fear, student population

View full article
(PDF – 168KB)


Alpers, G.W., & Adolph, D. (2008). Exposure to heights in a theme park: fear, dizziness, and body sway. Journal of anxiety disorders, 22(4), 591-601.

Brandt, T., Arnold, F., Bles, W., & Kapteyn, T.S. (1980). The mechanism of physiological height vertigo: I. Theoretical approach and psychophysics. Acta oto-laryngologica, 89(3-6), 513-523.

Brymer, G.E. (2005). Extreme dude! A phenomenological perspective on the extreme sport experience.

Brymer, E., & Schweitzer, R. (2013). Extreme sports are good for your health: a phenomenological understanding of fear and anxiety in extreme sport. Journal of health psychology, 18(4), 477-487.

Chapman, H.R., & Kirby-Turner, N. (2002). Visual/verbal analogue scales: examples of brief assessment methods to aid management of child and adult patients in clinical practice. British dental journal, 193(8), 447.

Hennig, J., Laschefski, U., & Opper, C. (1994). Biopsychological changes after bungee jumping: β-endorphin immunoreactivity as a mediator of euphoria? Neuropsychobiology, 29(1), 28-32.

Lurbe, E., Cifkova, R., Cruickshank, J.K., Dillon, M.J., Ferreira, I., Invitti, C.,... & Rascher, W. (2009). Management of high blood pressure in children and adolescents: recommendations of the European Society of Hypertension. Journal of hypertension, 27(9), 1719-1742.

Monasterio, E., Mei-Dan, O., Hackney, A.C., Lane, A.R., Zwir, I., Rozsa, S., & Cloninger, C.R. (2016). Stress reactivity and personality in extreme sport athletes: The psychobiology of BASE jumpers. Physiology & behavior, 167, 289-297.

Ronca, D. (2009). “How Land Diving Works”. Retrieved 03/11, 2018, from from https://adventure.howstuffworks.com/land-diving.htm

Sagert, K.B. (2008). Encyclopedia of extreme sports. ABC-CLIO.

Schedlowski, M., & Tewes, U. (1992). Physiological arousal and perception of bodily state during parachute jumping. Psychophysiology, 29(1), 95-103.

Schwaberger, G. (1987). Heart rate, metabolic and hormonal responses to maximal psycho-emotional and physical stress in motor car racing drivers. International archives of occupational and environmental health, 59(6), 579-604.

Van Westerloo, D.J., Choi, G., Löwenberg, E.C., Truijen, J., de Vos, A.F., Endert, E.,... & Diks, S.H. (2011). Acute stress elicited by bungee jumping suppresses human innate immunity. Molecular Medicine, 17(3-4), 180-188.

Williams, E.S., Taggart, P., & Carruthers, M. (1978). Rock climbing: observations on heart rate and plasma catecholamine concentrations and the influence of oxprenolol. British journal of sports medicine, 12(3), 125-128.

Zimmerman, U., Loew, T., & Wildt, L. (1992). “Stress hormones” and bungee-jumping. The Lancet, 340(8816), 428.