1Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Health, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
2University of Pristina “Hasan Pristina”, Pristina, Republic of Kosovo
The Influence of Social Support from Parents on the Level of Physical Activity in Adolescents
A survey has been conducted on a sample of 974 randomly selected respondents from several faculties within the University “Hasan Prishtina” in Prishtina, Kosovo, to determine how social support from parents influences the level of physical activity in adolescents of both genders. Physical activity is assessed with the standardized IPAQ questionnaire (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), intended to investigate the frequency, duration, and intensity of physical activity. Social support from parents was assessed using the Parental Support Scale, which consisted of five items. The data were processed by using appropriate statistical nonparametric methods (χ2 test and Mann-Whitney U-tests). Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that parents can have a significant influence on the physical activity in adolescents of both genders. Parents can promote physical activity for their children in various ways, such as: by the conveyance of positive attitudes and values, by organizing activities for their children, by participating in joint activities with children, and by providing transportation to places where they can be physically active. Research has shown that there are no differences in the perceived social support from parents between male students and female students; however, for girls, social support from parents is a more significant determinant that affects whether and to what extent they will engage in physical activity.
physical activity, students, attitudes, IPAQ criteria
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