Jovan Gardasevic1, Srdja Martinovic2,3, Ivan Vasiljevic1, Marija Bubanja1, Pavle Malovic1, Erol Vrevic1
1University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro
2University of Montenegro, Faculty of Law, Podgorica, Montenegro
3Ministry of Defence, Podgorica, Montenegro
Analysis of Trends in Anthropometric Characteristics of Montenegrin Young Men from Niksic from 1957 to 1969
Sport Mont 2020, 18(2), 55-59 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.200616
The aim of this study is to observe the trend of body height, body weight, and body mass index in Montenegrin young men from Niksic from 1957 to 1969. The sample of respondents in this study numbered a total of 10,738 future soldiers with an average age of 18.25±0.78, who were tested for military service in the period from 30 June 1957 to 28 December 1969. The average body height of the total sample of future recruits was 178.58±6.86, the average body weight was 68.56±8.66, and the average value of body mass index was 21.48±2.27. The highest body height (180.83±8.13) and body weight (73.26±9.38) was in the group of respondents born in 1958. The highest body mass index (22.84±2.50) was found in the respondents of group born in 1957. The value of the body mass index of all respondents shows that everyone was in the zone of normal weight. The highest body mass index (22.84±2.50) was found in the respondents of group born in 1957. It should be noted that many of these respondents were measured before the age of 18. This means that their growth was not complete. There is a possibility that they on average had a higher body height with the completion of growth and development than this research shows. The results show that all generations of young men from Niksic were at that time of a normal weight. This fact is not surprising because it is known that life was different then than it is now. The results of this study are very important in monitoring the trend of these 3 variables in the Montenegrin population, but they also have some limitations. As mentioned above, the rule for recruiting future soldiers was to be tested before the age of 18, when growth and development were not complete yet, and the results after the completion of the growth and development of the respondents would probably be slightly different from these results.
body height, body weight, body mass index, secular trend, Montenegro
View full article
(PDF – 250KB)
Arifi, F., Bjelica, D., Sermaxhaj, S., Gardasevic, J., Kezunovic, M. & Popovic, S. (2017). Stature and its estimation utilizing arm span measurements in Kosovan adults: National survey. International Journal of Morphology, 35 (3), 1161-1167.
Bjelica, D., Popovic, S., Kezunovic, M., Petkovic, J., Jurak, G., & Grasgruber, P. (2012). Body Height and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Montenegrin Adults. Anthropological Notebooks, 18 (2), 69–83.
Coon, C. (1975). The races of Europe. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.
Gardasevic, J., Vasiljevic, I., Bjelica, D., & Popovic, S. (2015). Analysis of nutrition of boys and girls, adolescents from Montenegro. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15 (4), 702-704. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2015.04107
Gardasevic, J. (2019a). Body height in Kosovo population and its estimation from tibia length: National survey. Anthropological Notebooks, 25 (3), 77–86. ISSN 1408-032X
Gardasevic, J. (2019b). Standing height and its estimation utilizing tibia length measurements in adolescents from western region in Kosovo. International Journal of Morphology, 37 (1), 227-231.
Han, Z., Mulla, S., Beyene, J., Liao, G., & McDonald, S.D. (2010). Maternal underweight and the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight: a systematic review and meta-analyses. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(1), 65–101. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyq195
Masanovic, B., Bavcevic, T., & Prskalo, I. (2019a). Regional differences in adult body height in Kosovo. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8 (1), 69-76. https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.190310
Masanovic, B., Bavcevic, T., & Prskalo, I. (2019b). Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between junior handball and basketball players from the Serbian national league. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 23 (2), 90–95. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2019.0206
Masanovic, B., Corluka, M., & Milosevic, Z. (2018). Comparative Study of Anthropometric Measurement and Body Composition of Junior Soccer and Handball Players from the Serbian National League. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 24 (3), 37-46.
Masanovic, B., Milosevic, Z., & Corluka, M. (2018). Comparative Study of Anthropometric Measurement and Body Composition between Junior Handball and Volleyball Players from Serbian National League. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 7 (4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.30472/ijaep.v7i4.313
Milasinovic, R., Popovic, S., Matic, R., Gardasevic, J., & Bjelica, D. (2016). Body Height and its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Male Adolescents from Southern Region in Montenegro. Sport Mont, 14 (2), 21-23. udc 796.012-053.6(497.16)
Milasinovic, R., Gardasevic, J., & Bjelica, D. (2017). Body height and its estimation utilizing arm spam measurements in male adolescents from northern region in Montenegro. Acta Kinesiologica, 11 (Supp. 2), 75-80.
NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (2016). A century of trends in adult human height. eLife, 5:e13410. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410
NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (2017). Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. The Lancet, 390 (10113), 2627–2642. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(17)32129-3
Pineau, J.C., Delamarche, P., & Bozinovic, S. (2005). Average height of adolescents in the Dinaric Alps. C. R. Biol., 328 (9), 841-6.
Popovic, S. (2017). Local Geographical Differences in Adult Body Height in Montenegro. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6 (1), 81-87.
Singh, A.S., Mulder, C., Twisk, J.W.R., Van Mechelen, W., & Chinapaw, M.J.M. (2008). Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obesity Reviews, 9 (5), 474–488. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789x.2008.00475.x
World Health Organization. (2010). Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS) country profile indicators: interpretation guide. Geneva: WHO pres.