Nurul Ihsan1, Riki Satria1, Muhamad Sazeli Rifki2, Anton Komaini2, Ilham2
1Universitas Negeri Padang, Department of Physical Education, Padang, Indonesia
2Universitas Negeri Padang, Department of Health and Recreation, Padang, Indonesia
Development of a Digital-Based Tool to Measure Volleyball Players’ Upper Limb Muscle Explosive Power
Sport Mont 2023, 21(1), 87-94 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.230214
It is evident that manual tools used to assess volleyball players’ upper limb muscles show some shortcomings in terms of time consumption, accuracy, and high concentration that forecast errors occur during measurement. To address such an issue, this Research and Development (R&D) aims to design and develop an effective digital-based instrument for measuring arm muscles’ explosive strength. The participants of this study were 52 male students that were divided into a small group (n=12) and a large group (n=40). They are sports science students at Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai University. There were also nine experts involved in this study. These experts are from some disciplines, namely volleyball, Information Technology (IT) media, as well as test and measurement. Data were collected by means of questionnaires adopting a 4-point Likert scale. After data analysis, results show that all nine-instrument development validators who are volleyball experts, IT media experts, as well as test and measurement experts confirmed that the product developed is Very Feasible (91.58%). Moreover, the reliability test conducted using the product-moment correlation obtained r of 0.652, while the results of the effectiveness test performed using the Independent Sample t-test was 1.000>0.05. The developed tool that functions as a digital-based tool for measuring volleyball players’ upper limb muscle explosive power is considered Very Feasible by the experts. Thus, it can become a useful tool for mitigating errors and enhancing accuracy to measure arm muscle explosive power in various settings and purposes.
arm muscle development, digital instrument development, volleyball game
View full article
(PDF – 388KB)
Al-kassab, M. (2022). The Use of One Sample t-Test in the Real Data. Journal of Advances in Mathematics, 21(September), 134–138. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v21i.9279
Aouadi, R., Jlid, M.C., Khalifa, R., Hermassi, S., Chelly, M.S., Van Den Tillaar, R., & Gabbett, T. (2012). Association of anthropometric qualities with vertical jump performance in elite male volleyball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 52(1), 11–17.
Borg, J.P.G.W.R. (2014). Applying Educational Research: How to Read, Do, and Use Research to Solve Problems of Practice. New York, USA: Longman Publishing Inc.
Cretu, M., & Vladu, L. (2010). Traning strategy development of explosive strength in volleyball. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 26(1), 51–58.
Eston, R., & Reilly, T. (2013). Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual: Tests, Procedures and Data. In Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual: Tests, Procedures and Data. Milton Park, Oxfordshire: Taylor & Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203868737
Fachrezzy, F., Jariono, G., Maslikah, U., & Nugroho, H. (2020). Functional Exercise Model for Weight Loss in Sports Science Faculty Students. International Summit on Science Technology and Humanity (ISETH) 2020, 159–165.
Fadilah, M., & Wibowo, R. (2018). Kontribusi Keterampilan Gerak Fundamental Terhadap Keterampilan Bermain Small-Sided Handball Games. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 3(1), 60. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v3i1.7667
Fatoni, M., Jariono, G., Subroto, S., & Triadi, C. (2021). The trend and interest in sports cycling during the Covid-19 pandemic. Medikora, 20(1), 84–92. https://doi.org/10.21831/medikora.v20i1.40117
Ian Lambert, M., & Borresen, J. (2010). Measuring training load in sports. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(3), 406–411. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.406
Isaac, E., & Chikweru, E. (2018). Test for Significance of Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient (r). International Journal of Innovative Mathematics, Statistics & Energy Policies, 6(1), 11–23. www.seahipaj.org
Komaim, A., Hermanzoni, Handayani, S.G., Rifki, M.S., Kiram, Y., & Ayubi, N. (2022). Design of Children’s Motor Training Tools Using Sensor-Based Agility Components in Physical Education Learning. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 16(5), 207–215. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v16i05.29731
Maffiuletti, N.A., Aagaard, P., Blazevich, A.J., Folland, J., Tillin, N., & Duchateau, J. (2016). Rate of force development: physiological and methodological considerations. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(6), 1091–1116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3346-6
Martinez, D.B. (2017, n.d.). Martinez, 2017_Consideration for Power and Capacity in Volleyball in VJ.
Michalsik, L.B. (2018). Handball Sports Medicine. Handball Sports Medicine, May. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55892-8
Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Calleja-González, J., Clemente-Suárez, V.J., & Zourdos, M.C. (2015). Influencia de la composiciÓn corporal en el rendimiento fÍsico de jugadoras de voleibol en funciÓn de su posiciÓn de juego. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 31(2), 849–857. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.2.7658
Muslimin, Asmawi, M., Samsudin, Dlish, F., Tangkudung, J., Fikri, A., & Destriana. (2020). Model development of digital-based volleyball under service skills instruments. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 8(6), 42–46. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2020.080707
Paz, G.A., Gabbett, T.J., Maia, M.F., Santana, H., Miranda, H., & Lima, V. (2017). Physical performance and positional differences among young female volleyball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 57(10), 1282–1289. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06471-9
Pratama, A.B., & Sistiasih, V.S. (2021). The Relationship Between Abdominal Muscle Strength and Limb Muscle Explosiveness To the Smash Ability of Volleyball Unit. International Journal of Economy, Education, and Entrepreneurship, 1(2), 94–103.
Promthep, K., Eungpinichpong, W., Sripanidkulchai, B., & Chatchawan, U. (2015). Effect of Kaempferia parviflora Extract on Physical Fitness of Soccer Players: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Medical Science Monitor Basic Research, 21, 100–108. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSMBR.894301
Rejc, E., Floreani, M., Taboga, P., Botter, A., Toniolo, L., Cancellara, L., … & Lazzer, S. (2018). Loss of maximal explosive power of lower limbs after 2 weeks of disuse and incomplete recovery after retraining in older adults. Journal of Physiology, 596(4), 647–665. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP274772
Riddell, S., & Wallace, W.A. (2011). The use of fuzzy logic and expert judgment in the R&D project portfolio selection process. International Journal of Technology Management, 53 (2–4), 238–256. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2011.038592
Rifki, Sazeli, M., Farma, F., Komaini, A., Sepdanius, E., Alimuddin, & Ayubi, N. (2022). Development of Sit-Up Measuring Tools Based on Arduino and Ultrasonic Sensors With Android Applications. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 16(8), 182–189. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v16i08.30673
Rifki, Sazeli, M.,& Syafrizar. (2017). Jump Serve on Volleyball Survey. In 2nd International Conference on Sports Science, Health and Physical Education (ICSSHPE 2017) , 71–75.
Sands, W.A., & Stone, M.H. (2005). Monitoring the elite athlete. Olympic Coach, 17(3), 4–12.
Saputra, S., & Ihsan, N. (2020). Digital-based sit-up test instrument development. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1481(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1481/1/012032
Serrano, J., Shahidian, S., Sampaio, J., & Leite, N. (2013). The importance of sports performance factors and training contents from the perspective of futsal coaches. Journal of Human Kinetics, 38(1), 151–160. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2013-0055
Stockbrugger, B.A., & Haennel, R.G. (2003). Contributing Factors to Performance of a Medicine Ball Explosive Power Test: A Comparison Between Jump and Nonjump Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(4), 768–774. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0768:CFTPOA>2.0.CO;2
Vasić, G., Trajković, N., Mačak, D., Sattler, T., Krustrup, P., Starčević, N., Sporiš, G., & Bogataj, Š. (2021). Intensity-Modified Recreational Volleyball Training Improves Health Markers and Physical Fitness in 25-55-Year-Old Men. BioMed Research International, 2021, 9938344. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9938344
Wiriawan, O. (2017). Pelaksanaan Tes & Pengukuran.
Zecirovic, A., Zecirovic, R., Bisevac, E., Capric, I., Mekic, R., & Mavric, A. (2021). Measuring Instruments for Assessing the Explosive Power of the Lower Limbs in Volleyball Players. American Journal of Sports Science, 9(4), 98. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajss.20210904.15