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Fiorenzo Moscatelli1, Giovani Messina1, Rita Polito1, Chiara Porro1, Vincenzo Monda2, Marcellino Monda2, Alessia Scarinci3, Anna Dipace4, Giuseppe Cibelli1, Antonietta Messina2

1Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
2Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetics and Sports Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy
3Department of Education Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
4Department of Humanities, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy

Aerobic and Anaerobic Effect of CrossFit Training: A Narrative Review

Sport Mont 2023, 21(1), 123-128 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.230220


CrossFit is recognized as one of the fastest growing modes of high-intensity functional training. This strength and conditioning program is used to optimize physical competence in ten fitness domains: (1) cardiovascular/ respiratory endurance, (2) stamina, (3) strength, (4) flexibility, (5) power, (6) speed, (7) coordination, (8) agility, (9) balance, and (10) accuracy. The aim of this review is to provide an overview related to Crossfit and its implication in aerobic and anaerobic parameters. Specifically, in this work, we will discuss the impact that this type of physical activity can have on a physiological level. Furthermore, the tools will be provided to understand how, by modulating the intensity, one can have benefits at an aerobic and anaerobic level. We will also review studies using CF as a resistance training methodology and finally discuss the findings of the various studies and provide recommendations for future studies.


CrossFit, Functional fitness, aerobic training, anaerobic training, workouts programs

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