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Nebojsa Cokorilo1, Milena Mikalacki1, Miroslav Smajic1, Ana Marijanac1

1Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet za sport (Novi Sad, Srbija)

DIFFERENCES IN BODY COMPOSITION BETWEEN PRACTITIONAR COMBINED FITNESS AND PRACTITIONER PILATES

RAZLIKE U TELESNOJ KOMPOZICIJI IZMEĐU VEŽBAČA KOMBINOVANIH FITNES PROGRAMA I VEŽBAČA PILATESA

Sport Mont 2014, XII(40-41-42), 239-244

Abstract

Introduction: When talking about the disease in the first place are heart disease-coronary artery disease, wherein there is a narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Active lifestyle can slow, stop and even reverse the process of atherosclerosis. In this regard, it is known that increasing the inactivity of a 35 % risk of developing hypertension, and subjects who are in poor physical condition are 52% greater risk of the disease than those who are in good shape (Sharkey & Gaskill, 2008). The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference in body composition of women dealing with the combined group fitness programs compared to women who engaged in practicing the Pilates method. Methods: The sample consisted of females aged 30 to 50 years. The total sample in the study consisted of 130 subjects from the territory of Novi Sad. Physically active group consisted of 84 respondents, who were divided into two groups . The first group includes 34 women who exercised twice weekly Pilates for a period of one hour , for a period of one year. The second group consisted of 50 subjects who actively exercised at a fitness club "World Class," at least a year, combining a variety of group programs, at least three times a week. The range of training duration was from 30 to 60 minutes. The third group consisted of a sample of 46 subjects who did not engage in any physical activity. Results: The results it was concluded that the subjects who were involved in the combined training group have lower values of body mass index, fat mass and percentage fat mass in total body composition of women who exercised only one group program, or Pilates, and women who not engage in any recreational activity. Discussion: In current practice were determined effects of aerobics on morphological characteristics and functional abilities of trainees have, where they are statistically significant differences in body mass index and fat mass in favor of a person dealing with aerobics, which is the more common form of recreational exercise (Stojiljkovic et al, 2005). Regarding the influence of Pilates exercise on body composition, the results are divided. In a study where overweight women practiced this method for eight weeks, four times a week, there was a reduction of fat in the body (Cakmakci, 2011). References: Cakmakci, O. (2011). The Effect of 8 Week Plates Exercise on Body Composition in Obese Women. Collegium Antropologicum, 35(4), 1045-1050. Coggan, A. R., Spina, R. J., King, D. S., Rogers, M. A., Brown, M., Nemeth, P. M., Holloszy, J. O. (1992). Skeletal muscle adaptations to endurance training in 60- to 70-yr-old men and women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 72 (5), 1780-1786. Kenedy, C., Yoke, M., (2005). Methods of group exercise intruction. Illinois: Human Kinetics. Latey, P. (2001). The Pilates method, history and philosophy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 5 (4), 275-282. Malnar, D., Šterbik, K., Fužinac-Smojever, A., Jerkovic, R., Bobinac, D. (2007). Pilates exercise technique. Medicine, 43, 241-245. Segal, N.A., Hein, J., Basford, J.R. (2004). The effects of Pilates training on flexibility and body composition: an observational study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 85(12), 1977-1981.

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