1Visoka medicinska škola Milutin Milanković, Beograd, Srbija 2Visoka škola za poslovnu ekonomiju i preduzetništvo, Beograd, Srbija 3Fakultet za fizičku kulturu, Skoplje, Makedonija
ERYTHROPOIETIN AS DOPING AGENT
ERITROPOETIN KAO DOPING SREDSTVO
Sport Mont 2012, X(34-35-36), 471-476
Doping is the use of prohibited substances and/or methods that improve the
abilities of athletes. Erythropoietin (EPO), the kidney hormone, belongs to a group of
substances that are classified as blood doping, and it can be found on the list of banned
substances from 1990. year. Its application leads to an increase in the number of red
blood cells, which enables better supply of oxygen, and thus improve the aerobic
performance of athletes. Because of that, EPO is very popular in sports where the
endurance is predominantly required like a marathon, cycling, triathlon, nordic skiing.
Erythropoietin can cause some adverse events, primarily to increase blood viscosity,
which is associated with a higher risk of various thromboembolic complications. In
detection of EPO use two groups of tests are available, through a urine sample (direct
method) and blood sample (indirect method).